Fresh Pasta Dough
You can also dry it by hanging it on a pasta drying rack and then storing it in an air tight container or bag.
How to Make Fresh Pasta Dough
- 1Add flour to a large mixing bowl.
You could use all-purpose flour, you can use Italian 00 flour, which is ground extra fine and gives the pasta a silky, soft texture. You can also use 1 part semolina flour to 3 parts Italian 00 flour. The semolina adds a texture to the finished pasta that’s usually referred to as al dente. But if you prefer a more silky bite of pasta, use less semolina, and if you want more bite, use more.
- 2Make a well in the center of your flour. Make it look like a volcano. Crack eggs into the center of the volcano. Here’s an important trick: *When your eggs nearly reach the top of your mound of flour, you’ve added enough eggs.
Sometimes I add extra yolks to my pasta because they’re rich and fatty and add a density to the finished dough. You can experiment with different combinations of egg whites and yolks in your dough and determine what you like best—there are no wrong answers. The egg whites have a high water content, and they will give your dough a softer texture.
- 3Using a fork, beat the eggs in the center of the flour, then slowly bring flour into the egg mixture. When almost all of the flour has been mixed in with the eggs, discard the fork and use your hands. Gather the dough into a ball and knead the dough inside the bowl for about a minute. The dough should feel wet and tacky. For now, this is good. You can always add more flour to a wet pasta dough, but once your dough becomes too dry, any attempt at rehydrating it usually ends in a gummy lumpy mess.
Transfer the dough onto a clean surface. Leave the dried bits of dough and trace amounts of extra flour in the mixing bowl. Wash your hands.
- 4Knead the dough and add flour as necessary until the dough is no longer tacky. If you can knead the dough without it sticking to your hands, you have added the correct amount of flour.
Pause early in the kneading process and slowly stretch the dough apart in your hands. The dough will appear to tear and pull apart from itself. After approximately 10 minutes of continuous kneading, if you stop and try again to slowly pull the dough apart, you should notice that the dough stretches without tearing as much. The dough should also appear smoother, sleeker, and more homogeneous. These are indications that you have kneaded the dough enough.
- 5The final step is to let the dough rest. Cover it tightly in plastic wrap, and leave it out at room temperature for at least 30 minutes. If you knead your dough properly and let it rest for at least 30 minutes, it will be easy to roll out. If you skimp on either of these steps, you may have trouble rolling out your dough.
- 6Roll it out.
No matter what tool you use to roll out your dough, remember to have some extra flour nearby to make sure your pasta does not stick to the counter tops or to itself. Lightly dust the pasta as you work. There are a few ways to roll out the dough:
-Rolling pin: The goal is to make your pasta as thin and delicate as possible. It can be hard to do—but experience will get you there.
-Hand crank: This is an affordable, reliable way to roll out the dough. It can get the dough very thin.
-Kitchen Aid mixer attachment: This is what I use at home. It’s fast and efficient and electric so you can use two hands to pass the dough through the machine and catch it (unlike the hand crank, which requires you to crank with one hand and manipulate the dough with your other hand).
- 7Make noodles.
Roll the dough up so it looks like a log. Using a sharp knife, cut the dough into ribbons. Spread the ribbons apart with your fingers—they unravel to become noodles.
Most pasta rollers (the hand crank and the Kitchen Aid attachment) will come with an add-on attachment that will cut a sheet of pasta into noodles. When I roll dough with a rolling pin, I cut the noodles with a knife.