New York Style Bagels
There are two kinds of people in this world: those who favor chewy boiled bagels and those who like the soft steamed versions.
I’m in the first camp; a chewy dense interior with a thick, golden crust are the trademarks of a water bagel, or a boiled bagel, because the proofed, shaped dough gets poached in a pot of boiling water before it’s baked, creating a tight, perfect crumb.
Be sure to use instant or quick-rise yeast not active dry.
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- 18 oz. (4 cups) unbleached high-gluten flour (or bread flour)
- 1 tsp. instant or quick-rise yeast
- 2-1/2 cups lukewarm water (about 70°f)
- 1/2 tsp. instant or quick-rise yeast
- about 18 oz. (4 cups) unbleached high-gluten flour (or bread flour); more as needed
- 3/4 oz. salt (1 to 1-1/2 tbs., depending on the coarseness)
- 2 tsp. malt powder or 1 tbs. malt syrup, honey, or brown sugar
- look for malt syrup at natural food stores under the name barley malt syrup and for malt powder at beer-making supply shops or through baking catalogs.
- vegetable oil spray
- 1 tbs. baking soda
- cornmeal or semolina flour
- sesame seeds, poppy seeds, kosher salt, finely chopped onions tossed in a little oil, or rehydrated dried minced garlic for topping the bagels
FOR THE SPONGE
FOR THE BAGEL DOUGH:
FOR SHAPING, BOILING, AND BAKING:
In a 4-qt. bowl, mix the flour and the 1 tsp. yeast. Add the water, whisking or stirring only until it forms a smooth, sticky dough (it should be thick but batter-like).
Cover with plastic wrap and leave at room temperature until the mixture is very foamy and bubbly, 1 to 2 hours.
It should swell to nearly double in size and collapse when the bowl is tapped on the counter.
In a bowl, mix 3 cups of the flour with the salt. Add it to the sponge, along with the malt, honey, or sugar.
Using a dough hook, mix on the lowest speed, or knead by hand, slowly working in the remaining flour until the dough is stiff, dry, and almost satiny; you may need extra flour or have some leftover.
Keep kneading on low until the dough is very stiff and firm but still pliable, satiny, and smooth, about 6 minutes by machine or 15 minutes by hand.
If the dough rides up the hook, stop the machine, pull it down, add a bit of flour, and continue.
When the machine starts to struggle, remove the dough and finish kneading by hand.
The dough at this point should be much stiffer than French bread dough and shouldn’t be tacky—a finger poked into the dough should come out clean.
There shouldn’t be any visible raw flour, and the dough will feel neither cool nor warm, about 80°F.
It should form a thin, translucent membrane.
If it rips, the dough hasn’t been kneaded enough or else it’s too dry and needs a few drops of water.
(For mini bagels, divide it into 24 pieces, each weighing just under 2-1/2 oz.)
Wipe the counter with a damp towel to remove any flour dust.
Shape each piece into a smooth ball by pulling the dough down and around to one point on the bottom and then pinching the bottom closed.
Cover with a damp towel and let rest for 20 minutes so the gluten relaxes.
Line two baking sheets with parchment and spray the parchment with vegetable oil.
To shape the bagels, poke a hole in the center of each ball of dough with your thumb and then gently rotate the dough around both thumbs, slightly squeezing and stretching the dough little by little as you turn until the hole has enlarged to 1-1/2 to 2 inches.
The dough ring should be an even thickness all around.
Mist the bagels very lightly with vegetable oil and cover the pans with plastic (the wrap keeps the dough from developing a skin, which would restrict the rise).
Let the bagels sit at room temperature until they swell slightly, by about 15 to 20 percent.
Drop one bagel in the water, if it floats within 10 seconds, the bagels are ready for the overnight rise, or retarding.
Pat dry the tester bagel and return it to the pan. (If it doesn’t float within 10 seconds, shake or pat it dry, return it to the pan, and test it again every 10 minutes until it floats.)
Refrigerate the pans, still covered, for at least 8 hours, or up to two days.
Bring a large pot of water to a boil (the wider the pot, the better) and add the baking soda; have ready a slotted spoon or skimmer.
Remove one pan of bagels from the refrigerator. Slide the parchment along with the dough onto the counter.
Line the pan with a clean sheet of parchment, mist with vegetable oil, and sprinkle with cornmeal or semolina flour.
Boil for 1 minute, flip them over, and boil for another 1 minute.
For very chewy bagels, boil for 2 minutes per side.
If you’re sprinkling sesame or poppy seeds, kosher salt, chopped onions, or minced garlic on the bagels, do so now.
Remove the pan from the oven and transfer the bagels to a cooling rack.
Let cool for at least 10 minutes. Meanwhile, remove the second pan of bagels from the fridge and boil and bake them the same way.
Cinnamon-Raisin Bagels: Increase the yeast in the bagel dough (not the sponge) to 1 tsp., and add 1 Tbs. ground cinnamon and 5 Tbs. sugar in with the flour.
At the start of mixing, add 1-1/2 to 2 loosely packed cups raisins, rinsed with warm water and well dried (to wash off surface sugar, acid, and wild yeast).
For a cinnamon sugar crust, after baking, brush the bagels with melted butter and dip in cinnamon sugar while they’re still hot.