Note: pastry for single crust pie: medium bowl stir together 1 1/2 cups flour and 1/2 teaspoons salt. Using a pastry blender, cut in 1/4 cup shortening and 1/4 cup cut up butter until pieces are pea size. Sprinkle 1 tablespoon ice water over part of the flour mixture; toss gently with a fork. Push moistened dough to the side of the bowl. Repeat with additional ice water, 1 tablespoon at a time, for a total of 1/4 to 1/3 cup total, until all of the flour mixture is moistened. Gather flour into a ball and gently knead until holds together.