1I use 1 1/2 cups of brown sugar and no white sugar. I substitute 1/2 c butter for 1/2 the crisco or even all butter too depending if I have any butter. Cream the sugar & crisco. Stir the eggs and vanilla then add to creamed mixture. Stir salt, soda & flour together and gradually add to creamed/egg mixture. Add chips & nuts.
2I use a scoop, so they're pretty uniform and put 'em on a un-greased cookie sheet into a 350 degree oven for 8(to 10) minutes. When I take them out, the tops are just getting a little gold to them (just past that almost-still-some-raw stage) and I leave them on the sheet for a few minutes.