Women's Equality Day -- August 26th
On January 9th, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson announced his support of the amendment. The next day, the House of Representatives narrowly passed the amendments, but the Senate refused to even debate it until October. When the Senate voted on the amendment in October, if failed three votes.
In response, the National Women's Party urged citizens to vote against anti-suffrage Senators up for reelection in the fall of 1918. After the 1918 midterm election, most members of Congress were pro-suffrage. On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment by a vot of 304 to 89 and the Senate followed suit on June 4th, by a vote of 56 to 25.
The 19th Amendment expressly guarantees that a citizen can not be denied the right to vote because of that citizen's sex. It was proposed on June 13, 1919. It became part of the Constitution on August 26th, 1920, upon being ratified by Tennessee, the 36th state to do so. On August 26th, 1920, Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified the amendment's adoption.
From:Our local city celebration today in Warren, Ohio 2011
How to Make Women's Equality Day -- August 26th
- 2Susan B. Anthony:
Susan B. Anthony was born February 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. She was brought up in a Quaker family with long activist traditions. Early in her life she developed a sense of justice and moral zeal.
After teaching for fifteen years, she became active in temperance. Because she was a woman, she was not allowed to speak at temperance rallies. This experience, and her acquaintance with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, led her to join the women's rights movement in 1852. Soon after she dedicated her life to woman suffrage.
Ignoring opposition and abuse, Anthony traveled, lectured and canvassed across the nation for the vote. She also campaigned for the abolition of slavery, women's right to their own property and earnings, and women's labor organizations. In 1900, Anthony persuaded the University of Rochester to admit women. Anthony, who never married, was aggressive and compassionate by nature. She had a keen mind and a great ability to inspire. She remained active until her death.
Quote: I have encountered riotous mobs and have been hung in effigy, but my motto is: Men's rights are nothing more. Women's rights are nothing less.
Susan B. Anthony
- 3Sojourner Truth:
1797 – November 26, 1883) was the self-given name, from 1843 onward, of Isabella Baumfree, an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. Her best-known extemporaneous speech on racial inequalities, Ain't I a Woman?, was delivered in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. During the Civil War, Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army; after the war, Truth tried unsuccessfully to secure land grants from the federal government for former slaves.
Quote: “If the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down all alone, these together ought to be able to turn it back and get it right side up again”. Sojourner Truth
- 4Elizabeth Cady Stanton:
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early woman's movement. Her Declaration of Sentiments, presented at the first women's rights convention held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, is often credited with initiating the first organized woman's rights and woman's suffrage movements in the United States.
Quote: Nothing strengthens the judgment and quickens the conscience like individual responsibility.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
- 5Among the most significant American sociopolitical developments of the 20th century was the achievement of national women’s suffrage, as codified 90 years ago in the 19th amendment of the U.S. constitution. Ratified by the states on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment enshrined the right to vote as an essential liberty of all adult citizens, regardless of gender. This triumph was the culmination of a tremendous amount of activism and struggle, and the library is a great place to explore the stories of the courageous women who helped bring about this landmark piece of legislation.
- 6In 1971, U.S. Representative Bella Abzug was able to get a Congressional Resolution passed that designated every future August 26th as Women's Equality Day to commemorate the passage of the 19th Amendment, the Woman Suffrage Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Quote:I began wearing hats as a young lawyer because it helped me to establish my professional identity. Before that, whenever I was at a meeting, someone would ask me to get coffee.
- 7So many people worked so hard for women to have equality and voting is our right as Women. I am always very moved in my spirit & heart when I read about these women who sacrificed so much for us.
Please if you have never voted make this the year that you start to vote and sign up at your county Board of Elections.
Come back and share with us when you do and we will celebrate together! Woohooo