1 Tablespoon cornstarch (for thickening) Equals: 2 tablespoons of all purpose flour
1/2 cup brown sugar Equals: 2 T. molasses added to 1/2 cup granulated sugar
1 teaspoon baking powder Equals: 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar plus 1/4 teaspooon baking soda.
1 cup sugar Equals: 1 cup packed brown sugar, or 2 cups sifted powdered sugar
1 cup molasses Equals: 1 cup honey
1 square (1 ounce) unsweetened chocolate Equals: 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon shortening or cooking oil, or one 1-ounce envelope pre-melted unsweetened chocolate product.
6 squares (6 ounces) semiswseet chcolate Equals: one chocolate 6-ounce package semi sweet chocolate pieces, or 6 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/4 cup sugar and 1/4 cup shortening.
1 cup whole milk Equals: 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water, or 1 cup water plus 1/3 cup nonfat dry milk powder.
1 cup buttermilk Equals: 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes before using), or 1 cup plain yogurt.
1 cup light cream Equals: 1 tablespoon melted butter plus enough whole milk to make 1 cup.
1 cup dairy sour cream Equals: 1 cup plain yogurt.
1/2 cup liquor (rum, bourbon or whiskey) Equals: 1/4 cup unsweetened fruit juice.
1/2 cup wine Equals: 1/2 cup apple or white grape juice for white wine, or 1/2 cup unsweetened grape juice for red wine (taste the recipe before sweetening; you may need less sugar).
1/4 cup fine dry bread crumbs Equals: 3/4 cup soft bread crumbs.
1 small onion, chopped, Equals: 1 t. onion powder or 1 Tablespoon dried minced onion.
1 Tablespoon prepared mustard Equals: 1/2 teaspoon dry mustard plus 2 teaspoons vinegar.