# Equivalent Measures and Abbreviations

By Jeanne Benavidez
from Odessa, TX

This breakdown of measurements will help you with your cooking and baking when interpreting the difference between grams, teaspoons and more. It has been a helpful resource that I have needed from time to time. The measuring guide is something I never remember right off the top of my head and is posted inside my spice cabinet door for reference.

method No-Cook or Other

• SEE BELOW:

## How To Make

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I have printed this out on a piece of paper and put it in a plastic sheet protector and tacked it on the inside door of my spice cabinet. It really comes in handy.
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~~Measurements~~ 1 dash = less than 1/8 teaspoon (dry) 1 pinch = as much as can be taken between tip of finger & thumb 1 dash = 3 drops to 1/4 teaspoon (liquid) 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce (liquid and dry) 2 tablespoons = 1 ounce (liquid and dry) 4 tablespoons = 2 ounces (liquid and dry) = 1/4 cup 5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon = 1/3 cup 8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup 16 tablespoons = 8 ounces = 1 cup = 1/2 pound 16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons 32 tablespoons = 16 ounces = 2 cups = 1 pound 64 tablespoons = 32 ounces = 1 quart = 2 pounds 1 cup = 8 ounces (liquid) = 1/2 pint 2 cups = 16 ounces (liquid) = 1 pint 4 cups =32 ounces (liquid) = 2 pints = 1 quart 16 cups = 128 ounces (liquid) = 4 quarts = 1 gallon 1 quart = 2 pints (dry)8 quarts = 1 peck (dry) 4 pecks = 1 bushel (dry)
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~~Approximate Equivalents~~ 1 quart (liquid) = about 1 liter 8 tablespoons = 4 ounces = 1/4 cup = 1 stick butter 1 cup all-purpose pre-sifted flour = 5 ounces 1 cup stoneground yellow cornmeal = 4 1/2 ounces 1 cup granulated sugar = 8 ounces 1 cup brown sugar = 6 ounces 1 cup confectioners' sugar = 4 1/2 ounces 1 large egg = 2 ounces = 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons 1 egg yolk = 1 tablespoon + 1 teaspoon 1 egg white = 2 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons
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~~Cooking Equivalents~~ Spaghetti: 8 ounces uncooked = 4 cups cooked Macaroni: 1 cup uncooked = 2 1/2 cups cooked Rice: 1 cup uncooked = 3 cups cooked Crumbs: 1 slice bread = 1/2 cup crumbs Popcorn: 1/4 cup unpopped = 5 cups popped Cheese: 4 ounces = 1 cup shredded Juice of 1 lemon = 3 tablespoons 1 medium onion chopped = 1/2 cup
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~~Substitutions~~ Flour: 1 cup sifted cake flour = 1 cup less 2 Tbsp. sifted all-purpose flour 1 Tbsp. cornstarch = 2 Tbsp. flour for thickening sauces and gravies Milk / Cream: 1 cup milk = 1/3 cup dry milk plus 1 cup water or 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water 1 cup buttermilk = 1 cup plain yogurt or 1 Tbsp. lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup; Let stand 5 minutes. Miscellaneous: 1 tsp. baking powder = 1/4 tsp. cream of tartar plus 1/4 tsp. baking soda 1 Tbsp. lemon juice = 1/2 Tbsp. vinegar 1 cup dry bread crumbs = 3/4 cup cracker crumbs or 1 cup cornflake crumbs 1 cup butter = 1 cup margarine or 7/8 cup vegetable oil 1 chopped onion = 1 Tbsp. instant minced 1 clove garlic = 1/4 tsp. garlic powder 1 cup tomato sauce = 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water 1 Tbsp. prepared mustard = 1 tsp. dry mustard plus 1 Tbsp. water 1 oz. unsweetened chocolate = 3 Tbsp. unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 Tbsp. butter, margarine or shortening
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Common Abbreviations t or tsp = teaspoon T, Tbsp or Tbs = tablespoon c = cup oz = ounce pt = pint qt = quart gal = gallon lb or # = pound