# Equivalent Measures and Abbreviations

#### By Jeanne Benavidez@jeanneben

This has been a helpful resource that I have needed from time to time. The measuring guide is something I never remember right off the top of my head and is posted inside my spice cabinet door for reference.

Rating:

Method:

No-Cook or Other

## Directions

1
I have printed this out on a piece of paper and put it in a plastic sheet protector and tacked it on the inside door of my spice cabinet. It really comes in handy.
2
~~Measurements~~

1 dash = less than 1/8 teaspoon (dry)
1 pinch = as much as can be taken between tip of finger & thumb
1 dash = 3 drops to 1/4 teaspoon (liquid)
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce (liquid and dry)
2 tablespoons = 1 ounce (liquid and dry)
4 tablespoons = 2 ounces (liquid and dry) = 1/4 cup
5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon = 1/3 cup
8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup
16 tablespoons = 8 ounces = 1 cup = 1/2 pound
16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons
32 tablespoons = 16 ounces = 2 cups = 1 pound
64 tablespoons = 32 ounces = 1 quart = 2 pounds
1 cup = 8 ounces (liquid) = 1/2 pint
2 cups = 16 ounces (liquid) = 1 pint
4 cups =32 ounces (liquid) = 2 pints = 1 quart
16 cups = 128 ounces (liquid) = 4 quarts = 1 gallon
1 quart = 2 pints (dry)8 quarts = 1 peck (dry)
4 pecks = 1 bushel (dry)
3
~~Approximate Equivalents~~

1 quart (liquid) = about 1 liter
8 tablespoons = 4 ounces = 1/4 cup = 1 stick butter
1 cup all-purpose pre-sifted flour = 5 ounces
1 cup stoneground yellow cornmeal = 4 1/2 ounces
1 cup granulated sugar = 8 ounces
1 cup brown sugar = 6 ounces
1 cup confectioners' sugar = 4 1/2 ounces
1 large egg = 2 ounces = 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons
1 egg yolk = 1 tablespoon + 1 teaspoon
1 egg white = 2 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons
4
~~Cooking Equivalents~~

Spaghetti: 8 ounces uncooked = 4 cups cooked
Macaroni: 1 cup uncooked = 2 1/2 cups cooked
Rice: 1 cup uncooked = 3 cups cooked
Crumbs: 1 slice bread = 1/2 cup crumbs
Popcorn: 1/4 cup unpopped = 5 cups popped
Cheese: 4 ounces = 1 cup shredded
Juice of 1 lemon = 3 tablespoons
1 medium onion chopped = 1/2 cup
5
~~Substitutions~~

Flour:
1 cup sifted cake flour = 1 cup less 2 Tbsp. sifted all-purpose flour
1 Tbsp. cornstarch = 2 Tbsp. flour for thickening sauces and gravies

Milk / Cream:
1 cup milk = 1/3 cup dry milk plus 1 cup water or 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus
1/2 cup water

1 cup buttermilk = 1 cup plain yogurt or 1 Tbsp. lemon juice or vinegar plus
enough milk to make 1 cup; Let stand 5 minutes.

Miscellaneous:
1 tsp. baking powder = 1/4 tsp. cream of tartar plus 1/4 tsp. baking soda
1 Tbsp. lemon juice = 1/2 Tbsp. vinegar
1 cup dry bread crumbs = 3/4 cup cracker crumbs or 1 cup cornflake crumbs
1 cup butter = 1 cup margarine or 7/8 cup vegetable oil
1 chopped onion = 1 Tbsp. instant minced
1 clove garlic = 1/4 tsp. garlic powder
1 cup tomato sauce = 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
1 Tbsp. prepared mustard = 1 tsp. dry mustard plus 1 Tbsp. water
1 oz. unsweetened chocolate = 3 Tbsp. unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1
Tbsp. butter, margarine or shortening
6
Common Abbreviations

t or tsp = teaspoon
T, Tbsp or Tbs = tablespoon
c = cup
oz = ounce
pt = pint
qt = quart
gal = gallon
lb or # = pound